Why does China want its wealthy neighbor back, yet the United States is standing in the way?

Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwan's president, called on China to rein in its "military adventurism" in his New Year's speech.

 However, tensions between the two countries are still high in 2022.

 Read on as we examine Taiwan's independence and extraordinary ascent to wealth, and investigate what both could stand to gain – and lose .

President Biden declares the US would help protect the island if China ever invaded. All figures are in US dollars.

Austronesian tribal people believed to have hailed from what is now southeast China established the island known in the West as 'Formosa' some 6,000 years ago.

 It was first mentioned in Chinese records around the year 293AD. During the 13th century, the first Han Chinese settlers came on the nearby Penghu Islands. 

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